Experimental Momentum-binning for Muon Scattering Tomography

  • Botond Csaba Csatlós HUN-REN Wigner Research Centre for Physics
  • Gergő Hamar HUN-REN Wigner Research Centre for Physics
  • Dezső Varga HUN-REN Wigner Research Centre for Physics
Keywords: Muon Scattering Tomography, Muography, momentum tagging, momentum-binned imaging


Muon scattering tomography is a novel cosmic muon imaging technique that exploits the multiple Coulomb-scattering of the cosmic muons. Imaging and identification of enclosed high-Z materials become possible, and usable in large volume scanners. The proof of concept is supported via several simulation frameworks and experimental demonstrations.

As the scattering angle strongly depends on the momentum of the muon, using that information can enhance the imaging, and allow one to expand the identification capabilities towards lower-Z materials.

We have constructed a muon-scattering experiment using good spatial resolution 80cm-size MWPCs, as a multiple-layer setup for precise tracking. The basics of operation have been proved as mapping the scattering strength in 2D/3D maps of targets with various sizes (from 1cm up) and materials (ranging from plastic to lead). The setup is equipped with additional scattering layers below the post-target tracking part; scattering on these known layers could indicate the momentum of the incoming muon. This novel method opens for momentum tagging and thus momentum-binned imaging, increasing the discrimination power between materials even in lower-Z region.

How to Cite
B. Csatlós, G. Hamar, and D. Varga, “Experimental Momentum-binning for Muon Scattering Tomography”, Journal of Advanced Instrumentation in Science, vol. 2024, no. 1, Apr. 2024.
International Workshop on Cosmic-Ray Muography (Muography2023), Naples, Italy