String Theory, the Dark Sector, and the Hierarchy Problem
We discuss dark energy, dark matter, and the hierarchy problem in the context of a general noncommutative formulation of string theory. In this framework, dark energy is generated by the dynamical geometry of the dual spacetime while dark matter, on the other hand, comes from the degrees of freedom dual to the visible matter. This formulation of string theory is sensitive to both the IR and UV scales, and the Higgs scale is radiatively stable by being a geometric mean of radiatively stable UV and IR scales. We also comment on various phenomenological signatures of this novel approach to dark energy, dark matter, and the hierarchy problem. We find that this new view on the hierarchy problem is realized in a toy model based on a nonholomorphic deformation of the stringy cosmic string. Finally, we discuss a proposal for a new nonperturbative formulation of string theory, which sheds light on M-theory and F-theory, as well as on supersymmetry and holography.
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