Potential for Definitive Discovery of a 70GeV Dark Matter WIMP with Only Second-Order Gauge Couplings

  • Roland Allen Texas A&M University
  • Bailey Tallman
  • Alexandra Boone
  • Adhithya Vijayakumar
  • Fiona Lopez
  • Samuel Apata
  • Jehu Martinez
Keywords: dark matter


As astronomical observations and their interpretation improve, the case for cold dark matter (CDM) becomes increasingly persuasive. A particularly appealing version of CDM is a weakly interacting massive particle (WIMP) with a mass near the electroweak scale, which can naturally have the observed relic abundance after annihilation in the early universe. But in order for a WIMP to be consistent with the currently stringent experimental constraints it must have relatively small cross-sections for indirect, direct, and collider detection. Using our calculations and estimates of these cross-sections, we discuss the potential for discovery of a recently proposed dark matter WIMP which has a mass of about 70 GeV/c$^2$ and only second-order couplings to W and Z bosons. There is evidence that indirect detection may already have been achieved, since analyses of the gamma rays detected by Fermi-LAT and the antiprotons observed by AMS-02 are consistent with 70 GeV dark matter having our calculated $\langle \sigma_{ann} v \rangle \approx 1.2 \times 10^{-26} $ cm$^3$/s. The estimated sensitivities for LZ and XENONnT indicate that these experiments may achieve direct detection within the next few years, since we estimate the relevant cross-section to be slightly above $10^{-48}$ cm$^2$. Other experiments such as PandaX, SuperCDMS, and especially DARWIN should be able to confirm on a longer time scale. The high-luminosity LHC might achieve collider detection within about 15 years, since we estimate a collider cross-section slightly below 1 femtobarn. Definitive confirmation should come from still more powerful planned collider experiments (such as a future circular collider) within 15-35 years.

Special Issue on Neutrinos and Dark Matter-2022