Effective Field Theories for Dark Matter Pairs in the Early Universe

  • Gramos Qerimi Technical University Munich
Keywords: potential NREFTs, thermal field theory, dark matter


In this conference paper, we consider effective field theories of non-relativistic dark matter particles interacting with a light force mediator in the early expanding universe. We present a general framework, where to account in a systematic way for the relevant processes that may affect the dynamics during thermal freeze-out. In the temperature regime where near-threshold effects, most notably the formation of bound states and Sommerfeld enhancement, have a large impact on the dark matter relic density, we scrutinize possible contributions from higher excited states and radiative corrections in the annihilations and decays of dark-matter pairs.

Special Issue on Neutrinos and Dark Matter-2022